Intel Launches Core 2 Duo Desktop Processor and Core 2 Extreme Processor

Intel has today unveiled Core 2 Duo desktop processor and Core 2 Extreme processor in India.

intel-core-2-duo.jpgAccording to Intel, the new Core 2 Duo desktop processor would deliver improve performance, increase energy efficiency and provide improved system performance, while the Core 2 Extreme processor is designed to provide enhanced performance for games and advanced digital media creation applications.

New Intel Core 2 Duo processors are built using Intel’s 65-nanometer silicon process technology and according to Intel, the desktop PC based on Core 2 Duo would offers up to a 40 percent increase in performance, and is over 40 percent more energy-efficient than its predecessor.

The Core 2 Duo series comprises five desktop PC processors targeted at the business, home, enthusiasts, and gaming segments. Core 2 Duo-based workstations are aimed at areas including design, content creation, and technical computing.

Among the chips announced by Intel are five processors designed for laptops and five desktop chips, including the high-end Core 2 Extreme processor for gamers. Pricing for the desktop chips ranges from $183 for the 1.86-GHz Core 2 Duo E6300 to $999 for the 2.93-GHz Core 2 Extreme X6800. Pricing for the mobile chips was not available.  Intel Core 2 Duo processors are rated at 65 watts while the Core 2 Extreme CPU are rated at 75 watts.

“This is not just an incremental change; this is a revolutionary leap,” Intel CEO Paul Otellini said at a launch event here, held in a heavily air-conditioned tent. The last time the company held such an event at its headquarters was when it introduced the Pentium processor in 1993, a similarly important milestone in its history.

“The Core 2 Duo processors are simply the best processors in the world. Not since Intel introduced the Pentium processor has the industry seen the heart of the computer reinvented like this. The Core 2 Duo desktop processor is an energy-efficient marvel, packing 291 million transistors yet consuming 40 percent lower power, while delivering the performance needed for the applications of today and tomorrow.”

The Intel Core 2 Duo processor is based on Intel’s Core microarchitecture, an offshoot of its work over the last decade to shift away from chasing clock speed as the holy grail of performance. Processors based on the Core microarchitecture, like Core 2 Duo, do more work per clock cycle. Intel designers managed to developed a more sophisticated cache memory design to improve chip performance and alleviate the inefficiencies between the processor and the main memory.

Sean Tucker, a product manager at HP explains that the new Intel Core 2 Duo processors runs at slower cpu clock speeds than existing Pentium range of processors but is still more productive because it handles more calculations per clock cycle. Thanks to that slower speed, Core 2 Duo chips need less electricity, drawing just 65 watts compared with the Pentium 4’s 95 W and the Pentium D’s 130 W, he added.
Advanced Digital Media Boost that effectively doubles the execution speed for instructions used in multimedia and graphics applications; and 64 Technology that supports 64-bit computing.

According to PC manufacturers, the Core 2 Duo, formerly called Conroe and Merom, offers excellent performance for its price, allowing them to reach new markets.

HP declared that company will use the Core 2 Duo chip in its new xw4400 workstation, replacing the Intel Pentium 4 and Pentium D chips used in the xw4300 model. HP sells that line primarily to users running compute-intensive applications like mechanical computer-aided design and digital content creation.

While Core 2 Duo based desktop systems are already available in markets, Core 2 Duo processor based notebooks PCs are expected to be available in September 2006.

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